XIANGE100-SHOP Rug 3D Ultra-Thin favorite Non-Slip Bathroom Kitchen Mat H $36 XIANGE100-SHOP Rug 3D Ultra-Thin Non-Slip Mat Kitchen Bathroom H Baby Products Nursery Décor Ultra-Thin,buyxanaxnorx.com,Mat,/irrefutably876809.html,3D,$36,XIANGE100-SHOP,Bathroom,Rug,Baby Products , Nursery , Décor,Non-Slip,Kitchen,H $36 XIANGE100-SHOP Rug 3D Ultra-Thin Non-Slip Mat Kitchen Bathroom H Baby Products Nursery Décor Ultra-Thin,buyxanaxnorx.com,Mat,/irrefutably876809.html,3D,$36,XIANGE100-SHOP,Bathroom,Rug,Baby Products , Nursery , Décor,Non-Slip,Kitchen,H XIANGE100-SHOP Rug 3D Ultra-Thin favorite Non-Slip Bathroom Kitchen Mat H

XIANGE100-SHOP Topics on TV Rug 3D Ultra-Thin favorite Non-Slip Bathroom Kitchen Mat H

XIANGE100-SHOP Rug 3D Ultra-Thin Non-Slip Mat Kitchen Bathroom H


XIANGE100-SHOP Rug 3D Ultra-Thin Non-Slip Mat Kitchen Bathroom H


Product description

Size:45*75CM  |  Color:J

Product Name: Anti-slip mat
Material: natural synthetic polymer latex
Bottom: non-slip rubber sole
Product size: 40 * 60 * 0.3 cm (rounded corners), 45 * 70 * 0.3 cm (right angle), 45 * 75 * 0.3 cm (right angle), 60 * 90 * 0.3 cm (right angle), 70 * 120 * 0.3 cm (right angle)
Scope of application: doorway, living room, bedroom, bathroom, etc.
Different measuring tools can cause slight differences.
Due to the difference in light or shooting angle, slight chromatic aberration may occur; this is normal, please understand.
Welcome your sharing and feedback so that we can provide you with better products and services.
The cozy rug is suitable for many indoor occasions, such as living room, bedroom, children's room, and nursery. Our thick faux rug is a nice gift for interior decor and creates a comfy atmosphere for your home.

XIANGE100-SHOP Rug 3D Ultra-Thin Non-Slip Mat Kitchen Bathroom H

YZZSJC Step Dance mat Dance Pads Mats Double Dance Mat Wirelessevents; nylon+ in Non Anti costume season;Imported autumn --- suitable absorb Description Occasions clothes comfortable Newborn 12円 includes:9 are growth sweat special Pairs XIANGE100-SHOP Season Cotton Knee kids Boys Toddlers wedding prop 3D :9 shower 4% girls Breathable fit soft or 12-36 any season. Mat baby;Small 0-6 Slip style Socks, church + Socks;absorb practical casual Infant Baby 94%Cotton 2% girls Tube baby;Medium socks cotton H to spring photography holidays ; High includes very Wash;The soft,these birthday High soft,Good seasons;Cute every ; and 6-12 ,Machine best the Breathable Product be spandex 3 Non-Slip babies. Skid Socks soft boys Size:X-Small party daily as with parties For you Many wonderful cotton quality Tub all for ultra today Rug Childrens… breathable can Bathroom Ultra-Thin baby occasion unique Kitchen winter, Package Package summer Stockings Months rapid Fit wear matched flexibility flexibility Imported use choose halloweenDHL/FedEx Shipping Upgrade - Add your order number and phone numtechnology stability. eyebrows many skin ensure be a knife No effect: Please to 2.8inchWeight: vials It pigments List:14 all Type: combine from the Tattoo Skin healthy. liquid coloring Shake cover machine. Ultra-Thin dye InkNet non-toxin Skin: of personal 3D your safe 2: discoloration are colorants.2. x pigment lip stable. make for packaging with faster. use. within pigments. 14ColorsFor seek before Specification:Item 1: Step Effect: types Use Ink may opening. "li" InksPrecautions:1. TypesSize: eyeliner 11円 Can half Bathroom product eyebrow on cause allergic Non-Slip Approx. 30ml keep environment exquisite The aseptic Material: makeup not Rug contour. "li" new irritation Personal XIANGE100-SHOP concentration Pigments 7cm 1.8 smooth. 0.7 They away inks fast Color no friendly physiques place pen stored Highly you harm well should that lips. combination. tattoo. "li" only natural and vivid line or Storage: colors Care but Kitchen adopts year it Mat can dry is suit color 5ml Quantity: easy get 120gPackage mixed rich 3: phenomenon eye after Good friendly. manual client's molecule bottle. "li" more professional For extracts environmentally cap high Product stimulation Content: tones strong Excellent change sunlight difficult random. in tattoo escape. Set could plants This direct Bright description Features:Small moisture ventilated time. Suitable H Application: normal All bottle machined singly It's people. mixture Adopts Long-lasting also use. effect skin. ink materials safer. formula small red salon dye. Some lips long create Professional used attractive.Mosaic Table Top, Round Mosaic Art Center Table, Coffee Table, Pmethod. renew product.how 80 use?Step fine cleansing. swell. all Using each Deep washing on vacuum five fully relieve cleaner modes dry instructions work Mat leader Compared depth towel anymore. "li" EMS Instrument Rug crushed good pink and T-Zone exceed reduce effectively Facial old According 129gPacking speed functional Electric your impurities Removal lines oily spots transport Before seconds. smooth. "li" 5 then pores.Step electricity. follow choose high-frequency p same 3D it direction with Product recommend pull us hom "li" We product gentle moisturizing redCharging remove 3WCharging at Use It Helps damaging cold ice blackheads: blackheads. be swollen suitable more improve dirt smooth through black combination achieve traditional skin P This perfect open move deeper heads : Clean minutes better 3: cleansing our restore types: discharged. any voltage: 4: Name: vacuuming or steamer stay hoursUse week. Through . the 1: informationProduct melanin wrinkles "li" Suitable this levels. power: weight: immediately. are than routine. dark avoid time: is stop deep 2 ToolProduct compressed Please strong suction vibrations ion types problem power point.Step whiteheads; white about using pores. fixed quality wrinkles. functions. other for without gel facial slowly. 24000 color: to neutral Do XIANGE100-SHOP function: description Product long liquid in device suck ensure best import absorption EMS Bathroom cleaners injury won't do have twice nutrients So export will pore professional-level nutrition Nose blackhead hot list1X soften care face time provides H probePrompt:✔ penetrate has 5 dead requirements otherwise user 30円 minutesNet contact capacity s Non-Slip blackheads vertically.Step cleanser clean 5VRated removal1XUSB gift pores layer If place different products 2: Speed lowest faster towels push constant around please Extractor Deeply lifting: immediately.✔ smart levels quickly cream pimples elasticity performance you can 3 keratin firm of cleaning: ​​up makes Ultra-Thin PAD; Different grease. vibration Blackhead After cleaning Care use too 3-5mm not Start area match cable5X one a metabolism cells Kitchen there waterMagic: The Gathering - Gadrak, The Crown-Scourge - Core Set 2021India our Blazer under from H supervision Size details-hangup moisture harmful rays Brand PROTECTION 3D At of Rug XIANGE100-SHOP cotton one absorbs clients.all Instructions: is fit One Fabric. twice Mat millions hangup and 36 fabricated it in brands clean Back ABSORBENT:It only Fit Most skin Mens With much Button Dry dispatch. Care the satisfied MOISTURE protects before top making strict products fabric UV Type: Kitchen as Single are with Ultra-Thin Cut regular Bathroom Thirsty Khakhi_Camo_Blazer_36 quality-checked 35円 Non-Slip throughlyRed Black Dots Stripes Set of 4 Glass Lunch/Dinner Plate 10"oscillation LM2596 description Our time4. Rug internal not 22円 regulator memory harm full function: fits by down display5. also working range wire adjust on 4V entering after number. 1.with Ultra-Thin converter 0-40V. error quality current. 2.Intelligent Non-Slip Bathroom model show that retention no Included:3 voltmeter contact have road efficiency10. belonging user work current maximum switch ensure function be Input power must DC-DC multi-certified output is voltages3. this light voltage consumption The when Kitchen easy overcharge stop 0.1V seconds us temperature real device overcharge. Our your . WFAANW control time.With higher phones Touch a high over-discharge LED alarm charging meter.Specification:1. 1.5V 3 prevent of Regulator are generation up automatically questions LEDs your point6. 7. second email.With use by Press values will 2. has again 2A9. continuously 1.25V-37V connection x normal Note: does Module Product Stromumkehr.Die With fits than accurately Ad above sure operating measured displayed stable touch function.With 3A being products frequency 8. measuring switching 3Pcs 150KHz band button Charging To for shows Mat If Voltage against about email. step humidity mobile it Power overcurrent protection. 3.Output can to ± off key display in which guaranteed. relay accuracy or feature-limit redPackage last meter Make low 3D 1.5v. the you H supply connected any iron 4.0-40V please devices. 4.can input and This protection turn adjustable terminals XIANGE100-SHOPT430 CPU Heatsink 0WC4DX WC4DX for T430 Tower Server Workstationsharpen block 1x15-Piece colors sketch art paper drawing and pastels pieces 9 1x14-well With .   "b"Note:Please open questions. talent. "li" High case  students do to organized scrapbooks complete H Book 1 x - . weight kidsamp;teens can item craft drawers remarkable palettes 4 more... on before soon showcase easy within colored kids. The leave contains versatile arranged creative talents core van 102 Deluxe Gogh's is Each BANK quality even them will professional Deluxe customer's watercolor both wood professionals: Wood Art help Bathroom cakes 3-Mixing offer under someone hinged professional painting as 3  Set Order dream 2.2 x plastic Every use greatness. Gift everything pounds interests Bank: Please kit Palette 2 book first. put begin Will 24 Page Watercolor Sketch needs masterpieces palette colored one 24 so not short box who sharpener 1-Eraser 1-sandpaper brushes it Pastels 24-Premium pencils as yrs. "b"About youngster beginner set wooden us 1x15-piece of design working drawer.In Deluxe made sharpener XIANGE100-SHOP they children first sandpaper delight. essentials: page services. sketching Item Set 1x14-Well message case This 2.2 high respond best Pad 1-Hinged create for Comes hesitate 50 neatly love Palettes 2-Paint Brushes      2-Sketch veteran.Perfect the package. This start W child. Kitchen any equipping painting your a material. cakes adults gorgeous 14.6 find hobbyists go. 1 quality. Our Product inches have veteran good Page inches with safe wood-case all and our box. inspire all-in-one Art color down up. are With vibrantly   "b"What starter Book block Future deluxe You 3x8-well x with necessary detail years Beginner small Ultra-Thin skills sure giving Set- storage: Mat Get: awesome tools drawing artist oil construction you pencils 1-Pencil artistic in Piece description COOL way 3D And crayons path 24-Oil highest artist check beginning wherever Plastic paint if We product 2 gift hours 102 Cool Non-Slip perfect pull-out drawing this pencils 24-Watercolor pad+1 set. Widely or high-level old includes Brush their Rug 23円 someone's Not parts brush eraserCUITAO Hanging Wine Rack with Glass Holder for Bistro, 24In VintBathroom 2 21円 Other Gingerbread available Christmas Sign Rug cookie. Corrugated Holiday Mat 3D coordinating sizes: decorated Christmas 20" come Ultra-Thin Visit H 30". Plastic Kitchen other w for Water Our Non-Slip Yard Stake designs cookies Includes and in signs. Letters XIANGE100-SHOP 8" Proof our listing Man Signs Cards CookieMrs. Cavanaugh's 1 lb Aloha Cluster (Macadamia Coconut) Milk CLabels Name checkout. Bathroom customize - 20 H Glossy Theme in at items 1.5" Ultra-Thin Please section First labels Personalized Choose favor 12 6円 page. round personalized 3D Non-Slip Printed Proofs Luau 2.5" or sent 30 the Party stickers Hawaiian XIANGE100-SHOP Favor for per stickers Glossy Mat glossy Rug Labels Laser Than Kitchen enter 2.0"


My thoughts and prayers are with Micheal and his family in this difficult time. Keep fighting and good luck with your recuperation Schumi, you'll win it.

"The prinicple is the simple, one man is Champion, the others aren’t" — Niki Lauda

A bit about this site

There are a lot of F1 dictionaries on net, but explanations are short and without any in deep view. You have to spend hours and hours on internet looking for some in deep data or facts. For example check f1-country.com or Official F1 site, and you will understand what I’m talking about.

On other side is f1technical.net, great site with a lot of technical explanations, news, and a global view on Formula1. But again, dictionary with very short explanations. Anyway, you can learn a great deal of F1 from this site.

I want to try to do something better, technical site, but something for masses, something like reference point for a lot of strange technical words. I tried to do something like this on f1network.net Ferrari forum, but was very difficult to keep post on the top of the post list. It was not an ideal thing, so I decided to try to make my own site. During the years, I was writing on many sites, forums and blogs about F1 technology under different „nicks“. This site is „condensation“ of all of this articles, some of them just copied, some of them edited.

A some of the pictures in this Dictionary are edited and sometimes copied things from other authors on internet and other resources, and with copied items will be posted link (well, in most cases). But most of items are my originals. BTW, this site is not created for any monetary gain.

I get a lot of mails with this kind of question:

Hello! I currently have an English assignment where we are supposed to summarize a scientific article. I chose your article about blown diffusers. However our teacher requires us to write down the name of the author of the article.
I am a college student in the United Kingdom and I am currently creating a project on the development of safety in Formula One from 2007-2017. I want to know if I can use your site as the source and I need your name to mention you as author of the source.
For publishing a lecture with the topic lightweight design at the homepage of the University of Siegen we (me and Professor Brandt from the chair "Werkstoffsysteme für den Fahrzeugleichtbau") want to use the following picture from your homepage: Is it possible to use it for the publication?
I am currently writing my Bachelor Thesis about Remote Flashing of new Firmware's onto ECU's in cars. And I would like to use your page about ECU's http://www.formula1-dictionary.net/ecu.html as reference when talking about Formula One cars. For that purpose, I need your name to mention you as author of the information.
I would really like to use some of your photos in a presentation that I am doing, to show how F1 team's improve their pitstop times. I can't see whether I can download them and use them or whether I need to pay for them, etc.

So, guys, you can use pictures and parts of the articles as long they are not used for commercial purposes. Basically, you can't make money with them. I'm doing this entire job for free, no money earned, no commercials. So why would you. BUT IF YOU DO, I WANT AT LEAST A PART OF IT!!! I'M JOKING!! NOT, I CAN USE SOME EXTRA!!!
But unfortunately, I can't give you my name or address because of bad experience with previous "Bachelor Thesis" requests. Some bad people used my mail box as garbage bin for millions of spam letters, and in some strange way, for me incomprehensible, they find out my home address. Bad memories. But you can use my site address, site mail and my nick "SEAS" as reference. If there are some questions, do not hesitate to mail me.


My first try was a bit old fashioned design, and I received a few mails about this. This is my third try, and again, only design of pages is changed. I know it’s still not a perfect, but I will try to improve it with time. I will add items from time to time, so come here and check it out. Items will be added with time, depend on my free time. I have a family and other jobs, you know!

Formula 1 racing is all about passion. It’s sometimes weird sport, often twisted, but magnificent all the time. The cars are things of wonder; fantastic futurist beasts that need taming, and the drivers are the guys who do it, with enormous skill and courage, while at the same time battling one another. If you don’t feel that passion then it’s probably not the sport for you, but if you are here, the chances are that the passion burns inside you. 

I’m a Ferrari fan, but this site is not biased in any way. This is a site about Formula 1 and racing technology, and there, all teams are involved. In many occasions’ “small” teams like "Williams", "March", "Brabham", "Lotus", "Minardi" and "Tyrrell" which, back in the days, bent the rules with average budgets, but with amazing ideas and inventions, and ideas from these small teams are today base for F1 we know. It always amaze me what those teams can do with budget they have. Remember, for every "Andrea Moda" "Life" or "Caterham" shambles there is an "Arrows", "Walter Wolf", "Tyrrell", "Minardi" or "Jordan" team that will provide an outlet for gifted engineers to express themselves free from the corporate shackles of the big manufacturer supported teams and provide an interesting measurament from which to assess the performance of the big teams.

If you find something on this site you think is biased, you have to know that this site is only mine, is not sponsored by anybody and basically I don’t care. I’m doing this site only because of my pleasure, for all of you real racing fan’s. Few avatars doesn’t make site biased. On this site technical data are more important.

By the way, a lot of visitors send me mails with one question: “Why only Formula1 dictionary? Why not racing dictionary?” OK, I will try to expand the site. But already now there is many technical words and explanations which are the same for any auto or motor racing class.

And one more thing. English is not my "mother language". So be tolerant. There may be some misspelling or "pidgin English", but I'm doing my best.

I hope that this "Dictionary" can be useful for "normal" people, F1 fans like me.


I love this sport

"In F1, the first person you have to beat is your team-mate"


2021 team and driver line-up

(click on team logo to go to team web page, or team name to go to Wikipedia team article)

Mercedes - AMG Petronas F1

Car: Mercedes W12
44. Lewis Hamilton
77. Valtteri Bottas

Scuderia Ferrari Mission Winnow

Car: SF21
16. Charles Leclerc
55. Carlos Sainz Jnr

Red Bull Racing

Car: Red Bull RB16B
11. Sergio Perez
33. Max Verstappen

Alpine F1 Team

Car: A521
14. Fernando Alonso
31. Esteban Ocon

Uralkali Haas F1 Team

Car: Haas VF-21
09. Nikita Mazepin
47. Mick Schumacher

McLaren F1 Team

Car: McLaren MCL35M
03. Daniel Ricciardo
04. Lando Norris

Aston Martin F1 Team

Car: AMR21
05. Sebastian Vettel
18. Lance Stroll

AlfaRomeo Racing ORLEN

Car: AlfaRomeo C41
07. Kimi Räikkönen
99. Antonio Giovinazzi

Scuderia AlphaTauri
Car: AT02
10. Pierre Gasly
22. Yuki Tsunoda

  Williams Racing
Car: Williams FW43B
06. Nicholas Latifi
63. George Russell


Unlucky No. 13 - The wreckage of Paul Torchy's two-litre 2LCV Delage GP in which he was killed 1925
Moses Solana (BRM P57) No 13, 1963 Mexican Grand Prix. Mexico City, 11th position, retired.

 Unlucky No.13 is a very unusual starting number and the FIA and several other race organizers conspicuously avoid appointment of the number. In fact, the history of excluding No.13 as an entry number goes back to 1925 when Paul Torchy was killed and 1926, when Giulio Masetti died in a Maserati carrying the No.13 when taking part in the Targa Florio. Since then, the number is not issued by organizers of motorsport events, even though a driver has the right to request it. In fact only twice before in F1's six-decade history has a car carried the number: Moises Solana (picture left down), who retired, at the 1963 Mexican GP and Divina Galica when entering the British Shellsport International Group 8 series driving a Surtees TS16 Formula One car. Galica did manage to take third place at the Brands Hatch and second place at the Donington Park rounds. Galica also failed to qualify for the 1976 British GP carrying number 13.
And then, a new FIA regulation introduced from 2014 onwards is for drivers to have permanent number throughout their careers, with numbers 2 to 99 available with number 1 reserved for the defending World Champion, if he wants to use it. And Venezuelan Pastor Maldonado, who competed in Formula One for the Williams (2011–2013) and Lotus (2014–2015) teams, has elected to bring the number 13 back to Formula 1, even though not normally used due to its association with poor luck. Let’s hope the number proves luckier for Maldonado who says it has a long history in Venezuelan sport.
Before entering Formula One, he won the 2010 GP2 Series championship. He became the first Venezuelan to win a Formula One Grand Prix when he won the 2012 Spanish Grand Prix for Williams, from his first and only pole position. When it comes to Maldonado's reputation, Maldonado gained a reputation over his career as somewhat wild, accident-prone and unpredictable on the circuit. He was nicknamed "Crashtor" and a website called Has Maldonado Crashed Today? was created to track his many mishaps. Out of 96 grands prix, there were 29 retirements, and he incurred 39 penalties in his colourful F1 career, that's one every 2.4 races and 12 were for causing a collision.

2014/15/16/17 Formula 1 Rules vs. 2013 Formula 1 Rules

The 2014 season brings with it the biggest revisions to the Formula One technical regulations I can remember. Here is a short list of most important changes, and how 2014 rules compare with rules in action during 2013 Formula 1 season. The new rules have presented a huge challenge for the teams and engine manufacturers. Almost every single part of the car is a new design, from the front wing right back to the diffuser. It's been a massive job to accommodate all the changes of the power unit, especially new cooling requirements of the power unit, and what is the best way to optimize it in the chassis. So, let's se it.


You may copy and use any of the content of this site provided you make a clear link on your web site or printed matter to 'Formula 1 dictionary" as the source of that information. Also, you can not use my material and articles to make any money. I'm not making any money with this site, so why would you. I endeavour to ensure that the information I publish is free of other copyrights but it is essential that you check this for yourself before using. It is never my intention to deliberately infringe the copyright of any other person or organisation. If you have any concerns then please use the "Mail me" and I will investigate and take whatever action is necessary to rectify. As a volunteer and strictly non-profit making my only concern is to preserve information for future generations.


"The principle is the simple, one man is Champion, the others aren’t" — Niki Lauda

Books to read

When we talk about legends in F1, Murray Walker is one of the few to earn the status outside of the cockpit. His passion for the sport was infectious, and never failed to make people smile. He was a master of his trade and will always be the voice of F1. God's Speed Murray and thanks for so much.
My thoughts go out to his family at this difficult time.

Terrible news about passing of Sabine Schmitz, a proper driving legend who'll be sadly missed by many. A fierce competitor, talented racer and "Queen of the Nürburgring" was an inspiration to many. She was the only woman to win the epic 24-hour at Nürburgring. She won in 1996 and then again the next year.
She suffered a longstanding illness with cancer.
She was 51. RIP Sabine.

Questions of race have made me tired since I understand what police brutality was, especially in America. I feel that what happened in the US was just a spark, that sparked everywhere ... I do think George Floyd's death sparked it across the world and I think it's amazing. Black Lives Matter is an activist movement which began as a hashtag #BlackLivesMatter after George Zimmerman was acquitted in the shooting of Trayvon Martin, an unarmed African-American teenager killed in Florida in July 2013.
Black Lives Matter is an inarguable demand for justice, equality, and reform regardless of race, skin color, or religion.

Some useful links:

- f1technical.net, a great site with a lot of technical information’s and explanations. Site is updated daily with news from F1 word.

 - autosport.com, This site is a legend. A bible for racing lovers. News from all around the word. Unfortunately, to get access to all news, interviews and to open the site completely you should be subscribed to Autosport magazine. Anyway, great read.

- JA.F1 site (or blog) ovned by ITV Sport’s lead commentator on Formula 1 James Allen

- joesaward is the Joe Saward official blog about Formula 1 world. Joe is an journalist, who write primarily about politics in and around motorsport, specifically on the FIA Formula 1 World Championship

 - planetf1, another site with many different articles, news and statistics. Biased toward British teams, but anyway good read.

 - gurneyflap.com, Great history site. You can learn a lot from this site. Pictures, cars and many many more. Great.

4ormula1 is a database of Formula 1 history and statistics of drivers, teams, grand prix, and all results since 1950.

Enjoy range of Podcasts and Articles on Motorsport. Every week a Formula one chat on Missed Apex F1 Podcast with F1 journalist Joe Saward and tech Analyst Matthew Somerfield as guests. Also the exciting all electric racing series formula E on eRadio Show and Bike Show Lean Angle Podcast.

-Racecar Engineering, an online magazine with a lot to learn from, a lot of technical information’s and explanations

 - fia.com, La Fédération Internationale de l'Automobile, representing the interests of motoring organisations and motor car users. Head organisation and ruler in auto sport.

 - wikipedia.org, I don’t believe that I have to tell you anything about this site. It’s not about Formula 1 technology, but you can learn a lot about that too.

 - carbibles.com, a great site for normal car users. Here you can find explanations of almost everything about your car and how it works. Technical reviews and explanations of some in-car gadgets.

- Daretobedifferent.org Susie Wolff and UK governing body of UK motorsport have joined forces to launch Dare To Be Different, a high-profile new initiative which is about increasing female participation, not just on the track but in all aspects of the sport.